## Scattering Deutsch "scattering" Deutsch Übersetzung

Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'scattering' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für scattering im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für scattering im Online-Wörterbuch style-fashion.co (Deutschwörterbuch). This so called fiberlight-method is very versatile; due to the light scattering and the individual length of the light ducts, operating surfaces of all sizes are. Übersetzung im Kontext von „scattering“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: light scattering, light-scattering, neutron scattering, raman scattering, x-ray.

Übersetzung im Kontext von „scattering“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: light scattering, light-scattering, neutron scattering, raman scattering, x-ray. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für scattering im Online-Wörterbuch style-fashion.co (Deutschwörterbuch). Deutsche Übersetzung von "scattering" | Der offizielle Collins Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch online. Über Deutsche Übersetzungen von Englische.The diffracted light from all of the molecules can either interfere constructively light regions or destructively dark regions.

This process is repeated at short time intervals and the resulting set of speckle patterns are analyzed by an autocorrelator that compares the intensity of light at each spot over time.

The polarizers can be set up in two geometrical configurations. When light hits small particles, the light scatters in all directions Rayleigh scattering as long as the particles are small compared to the wavelength below nm.

Even if the light source is a laser , and thus is monochromatic and coherent , the scattering intensity fluctuates over time. This fluctuation is due to small molecules in solutions undergoing Brownian motion , and so the distance between the scatterers in the solution is constantly changing with time.

This scattered light then undergoes either constructive or destructive interference by the surrounding particles, and within this intensity fluctuation, information is contained about the time scale of movement of the scatterers.

Sample preparation either by filtration or centrifugation is critical to remove dust and artifacts from the solution.

The dynamic information of the particles is derived from an autocorrelation of the intensity trace recorded during the experiment.

The second order autocorrelation curve is generated from the intensity trace as follows:. At short time delays, the correlation is high because the particles do not have a chance to move to a great extent from the initial state that they were in.

The two signals are thus essentially unchanged when compared after only a very short time interval. As the time delays become longer, the correlation decays exponentially, meaning that, after a long time period has elapsed, there is no correlation between the scattered intensity of the initial and final states.

This exponential decay is related to the motion of the particles, specifically to the diffusion coefficient. To fit the decay i.

If the sample is monodisperse uniform then the decay is simply a single exponential. It is roughly equal to the inverse of the number of speckle see Speckle pattern from which light is collected.

A smaller focus of the laser beam yields a coarser speckle pattern, a lower number of speckle on the detector, and thus a larger second order autocorrelation.

Dynamic light scattering provides insight into the dynamic properties of soft materials by measuring single scattering events, meaning that each detected photon has been scattered by the sample exactly once.

However, the application to many systems of scientific and industrial relevance has been limited due to often-encountered multiple scattering, wherein photons are scattered multiple times by the sample before being detected.

Accurate interpretation becomes exceedingly difficult for systems with nonnegligible contributions from multiple scattering.

Especially for larger particles and those with high refractive index contrast, this limits the technique to very low particle concentrations, and a large variety of systems are, therefore, excluded from investigations with dynamic light scattering.

However, as shown by Schaetzel, [5] it is possible to suppress multiple scattering in dynamic light scattering experiments via a cross-correlation approach.

The general idea is to isolate singly scattered light and suppress undesired contributions from multiple scattering in a dynamic light scattering experiment.

Different implementations of cross-correlation light scattering have been developed and applied. Currently, the most widely used scheme is the so-called 3D-dynamic light scattering method.

Once the autocorrelation data have been generated, different mathematical approaches can be employed to determine 'information' from it.

Analysis of the scattering is facilitated when particles do not interact through collisions or electrostatic forces between ions.

Particle-particle collisions can be suppressed by dilution, and charge effects are reduced by the use of salts to collapse the electrical double layer.

The simplest approach is to treat the first order autocorrelation function as a single exponential decay. This is appropriate for a monodisperse population.

The translational diffusion coefficient D t may be derived at a single angle or at a range of angles depending on the wave vector q.

Small spherical particles will show no angular dependence, hence no anisotropy. A high quality analysis should always be performed at several scattering angles multiangle DLS.

This becomes even more important in a polydisperse sample with an unknown particle size distribution. At certain angles the scattering intensity of some particles will completely overwhelm the weak scattering signal of other particles, thus making them invisible to the data analysis at this angle.

DLS instruments which only work at a fixed angle can only deliver good results for some particles. Thus the indicated precision of a DLS instrument with only one detection angle is only ever true for certain particles.

D t is often used to calculate the hydrodynamic radius of a sphere through the Stokes—Einstein equation. It is important to note that the size determined by dynamic light scattering is the size of a sphere that moves in the same manner as the scatterer.

So, for example, if the scatterer is a random coil polymer, the determined size is not the same as the radius of gyration determined by static light scattering.

It is also useful to point out that the obtained size will include any other molecules or solvent molecules that move with the particle. So, for example, colloidal gold with a layer of surfactant will appear larger by dynamic light scattering which includes the surfactant layer than by transmission electron microscopy which does not "see" the layer due to poor contrast.

In most cases, samples are polydisperse. Thus, the autocorrelation function is a sum of the exponential decays corresponding to each of the species in the population.

However, this is known as an ill-posed problem. The methods described below and others have been developed to extract as much useful information as possible from an autocorrelation function.

One of the most common methods is the cumulant method, [10] [11] from which in addition to the sum of the exponentials above, more information can be derived about the variance of the system as follows:.

A third-order polydispersity index may also be derived but this is necessary only if the particles of the system are highly polydisperse.

The z-averaged translational diffusion coefficient D z may be derived at a single angle or at a range of angles depending on the wave vector q.

The Maximum entropy method is an analysis method that has great developmental potential. The method is also used for the quantification of sedimentation velocity data from analytical ultracentrifugation.

If the particle in question is not spherical, rotational motion must be considered as well because the scattering of the light will be different depending on orientation.

According to Pecora, rotational Brownian motion will affect the scattering when a particle fulfills two conditions; they must be both optically and geometrically anisotropic.

In its most succinct form the equation appears as. These systems are considered to be some of the most difficult to model accurately.

The description of scattering and the distinction between single and multiple scattering are tightly related to wave—particle duality.

Scattering theory is a framework for studying and understanding the scattering of waves and particles. Prosaically, wave scattering corresponds to the collision and scattering of a wave with some material object, for instance sunlight scattered by rain drops to form a rainbow.

Scattering also includes the interaction of billiard balls on a table, the Rutherford scattering or angle change of alpha particles by gold nuclei , the Bragg scattering or diffraction of electrons and X-rays by a cluster of atoms, and the inelastic scattering of a fission fragment as it traverses a thin foil.

More precisely, scattering consists of the study of how solutions of partial differential equations , propagating freely "in the distant past", come together and interact with one another or with a boundary condition , and then propagate away "to the distant future".

Electromagnetic waves are one of the best known and most commonly encountered forms of radiation that undergo scattering.

Scattering of light and radio waves especially in radar is particularly important. Several different aspects of electromagnetic scattering are distinct enough to have conventional names.

Major forms of elastic light scattering involving negligible energy transfer are Rayleigh scattering and Mie scattering.

Inelastic scattering includes Brillouin scattering , Raman scattering , inelastic X-ray scattering and Compton scattering. Light scattering is one of the two major physical processes that contribute to the visible appearance of most objects, the other being absorption.

Surfaces described as white owe their appearance to multiple scattering of light by internal or surface inhomogeneities in the object, for example by the boundaries of transparent microscopic crystals that make up a stone or by the microscopic fibers in a sheet of paper.

More generally, the gloss or lustre or sheen of the surface is determined by scattering. Highly scattering surfaces are described as being dull or having a matte finish, while the absence of surface scattering leads to a glossy appearance, as with polished metal or stone.

Spectral absorption, the selective absorption of certain colors, determines the color of most objects with some modification by elastic scattering.

The apparent blue color of veins in skin is a common example where both spectral absorption and scattering play important and complex roles in the coloration.

Light scattering can also create color without absorption, often shades of blue, as with the sky Rayleigh scattering , the human blue iris , and the feathers of some birds Prum et al.

Rayleigh scattering is a process in which electromagnetic radiation including light is scattered by a small spherical volume of variant refractive indexes, such as a particle, bubble, droplet, or even a density fluctuation.

This effect was first modeled successfully by Lord Rayleigh , from whom it gets its name. In this size regime, the exact shape of the scattering center is usually not very significant and can often be treated as a sphere of equivalent volume.

The inherent scattering that radiation undergoes passing through a pure gas is due to microscopic density fluctuations as the gas molecules move around, which are normally small enough in scale for Rayleigh's model to apply.

Along with absorption, such scattering is a major cause of the attenuation of radiation by the atmosphere.

The degree of scattering varies as a function of the ratio of the particle diameter to the wavelength of the radiation, along with many other factors including polarization , angle, and coherence.

For larger diameters, the problem of electromagnetic scattering by spheres was first solved by Gustav Mie , and scattering by spheres larger than the Rayleigh range is therefore usually known as Mie scattering.

In the Mie regime, the shape of the scattering center becomes much more significant and the theory only applies well to spheres and, with some modification, spheroids and ellipsoids.

Closed-form solutions for scattering by certain other simple shapes exist, but no general closed-form solution is known for arbitrary shapes.

Both Mie and Rayleigh scattering are considered elastic scattering processes, in which the energy and thus wavelength and frequency of the light is not substantially changed.

This shift involves a slight change in energy. At values of the ratio of particle diameter to wavelength more than about 10, the laws of geometric optics are mostly sufficient to describe the interaction of light with the particle, and at this point, the interaction is not usually described as scattering.

For modeling of scattering in cases where the Rayleigh and Mie models do not apply such as irregularly shaped particles, there are many numerical methods that can be used.

The most common are finite-element methods which solve Maxwell's equations to find the distribution of the scattered electromagnetic field.

Sophisticated software packages exist which allow the user to specify the refractive index or indices of the scattering feature in space, creating a 2- or sometimes 3-dimensional model of the structure.

For relatively large and complex structures, these models usually require substantial execution times on a computer. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.

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Feynman diagram of scattering between two electrons by emission of a virtual photon. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

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Main article: Scattering theory. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Bragg diffraction Brillouin scattering Characteristic mode analysis Compton scattering Deep scattering layer Dynamic Light Scattering Espresso crema effect Kikuchi line Light scattering by particles Mie theory Mott scattering Neutron scattering Photon diffusion Powder diffraction Raman scattering Rayleigh scattering Rutherford scattering Small-angle scattering Scattering amplitude S-Matrix Tyndall effect Thomson scattering Wolf effect X-ray crystallography.

Elementary Particle Physics: Concepts and Phenomena. ESO Picture of the Week. European Southern Observatory.

Retrieved 2 December Bohren, Craig F. Huffman Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles.

Colton, David; Rainer Kress

## Scattering Deutsch Video

A third-order polydispersity index may also be derived but this is necessary only if the particles of the system are highly polydisperse.

The z-averaged translational diffusion coefficient D z may be derived at a single angle or at a range of angles depending on the wave vector q.

The Maximum entropy method is an analysis method that has great developmental potential. The method is also used for the quantification of sedimentation velocity data from analytical ultracentrifugation.

If the particle in question is not spherical, rotational motion must be considered as well because the scattering of the light will be different depending on orientation.

According to Pecora, rotational Brownian motion will affect the scattering when a particle fulfills two conditions; they must be both optically and geometrically anisotropic.

In its most succinct form the equation appears as. In , Peter R. Lang and his team decided to use dynamic light scattering to determine the particle length and aspect ratio of short gold nanorods.

Both relaxation states were observed in VV geometry and the diffusion coefficients of both motions were used to calculate the aspect ratios of the gold nanoparticles.

DLS is used to characterize size of various particles including proteins, polymers, micelles, vesicles, [18] carbohydrates, nanoparticles, biological cells [19] and gels.

This measurement depends on the size of the particle core, the size of surface structures, particle concentration, and the type of ions in the medium.

Since DLS essentially measures fluctuations in scattered light intensity due to diffusing particles, the diffusion coefficient of the particles can be determined.

DLS software of commercial instruments typically displays the particle population at different diameters. If the system is monodisperse, there should only be one population, whereas a polydisperse system would show multiple particle populations.

If there is more than one size population present in a sample then either the CONTIN analysis should be applied for photon correlation spectroscopy instruments, or the power spectrum method should be applied for Doppler shift instruments.

Stability studies can be done conveniently using DLS. Periodical DLS measurements of a sample can show whether the particles aggregate over time by seeing whether the hydrodynamic radius of the particle increases.

If particles aggregate, there will be a larger population of particles with a larger radius. In some DLS machines, stability depending on temperature can be analyzed by controlling the temperature in situ.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Scanning ion occlusion sensing Nanoparticle tracking analysis Diffusion coefficient Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy Stokes radius Static light scattering Light scattering Diffusing-wave spectroscopy Protein—protein interactions Differential dynamic microscopy Multi-angle light scattering Differential Static Light Scatter DSLS.

Dynamic Light Scattering. Annual Review of Physical Chemistry. Bibcode : ARPC The Journal of Chemical Physics.

Bibcode : JChPh.. Bibcode : JOSA Bibcode : JPCM Retrieved 7 April Colloid Interface Sci. Bibcode : JCIS.. Review of Scientific Instruments.

Bibcode : RScI Bibcode : MaMol.. Applied Optics. Bibcode : ApOpt.. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science.

Laser Light scattering: Basic Principles and Practice. Academic Press. Computer Physics Communications.

Bibcode : CoPhC.. The Journal of Physical Chemistry. Biophysical Journal. Bibcode : BpJ AIP Conference Proceedings. Bibcode : AIPC..

Categories : Scattering, absorption and radiative transfer optics Biochemistry methods Physical chemistry Spectroscopy Colloidal chemistry Scientific techniques.

Hidden categories: Use dmy dates from April Commons category link from Wikidata. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.

Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Wikimedia Commons. Download as PDF Printable version.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dynamic light scattering. More generally, the gloss or lustre or sheen of the surface is determined by scattering.

Highly scattering surfaces are described as being dull or having a matte finish, while the absence of surface scattering leads to a glossy appearance, as with polished metal or stone.

Spectral absorption, the selective absorption of certain colors, determines the color of most objects with some modification by elastic scattering.

The apparent blue color of veins in skin is a common example where both spectral absorption and scattering play important and complex roles in the coloration.

Light scattering can also create color without absorption, often shades of blue, as with the sky Rayleigh scattering , the human blue iris , and the feathers of some birds Prum et al.

Rayleigh scattering is a process in which electromagnetic radiation including light is scattered by a small spherical volume of variant refractive indexes, such as a particle, bubble, droplet, or even a density fluctuation.

This effect was first modeled successfully by Lord Rayleigh , from whom it gets its name. In this size regime, the exact shape of the scattering center is usually not very significant and can often be treated as a sphere of equivalent volume.

The inherent scattering that radiation undergoes passing through a pure gas is due to microscopic density fluctuations as the gas molecules move around, which are normally small enough in scale for Rayleigh's model to apply.

Along with absorption, such scattering is a major cause of the attenuation of radiation by the atmosphere. The degree of scattering varies as a function of the ratio of the particle diameter to the wavelength of the radiation, along with many other factors including polarization , angle, and coherence.

For larger diameters, the problem of electromagnetic scattering by spheres was first solved by Gustav Mie , and scattering by spheres larger than the Rayleigh range is therefore usually known as Mie scattering.

In the Mie regime, the shape of the scattering center becomes much more significant and the theory only applies well to spheres and, with some modification, spheroids and ellipsoids.

Closed-form solutions for scattering by certain other simple shapes exist, but no general closed-form solution is known for arbitrary shapes.

Both Mie and Rayleigh scattering are considered elastic scattering processes, in which the energy and thus wavelength and frequency of the light is not substantially changed.

This shift involves a slight change in energy. At values of the ratio of particle diameter to wavelength more than about 10, the laws of geometric optics are mostly sufficient to describe the interaction of light with the particle, and at this point, the interaction is not usually described as scattering.

For modeling of scattering in cases where the Rayleigh and Mie models do not apply such as irregularly shaped particles, there are many numerical methods that can be used.

The most common are finite-element methods which solve Maxwell's equations to find the distribution of the scattered electromagnetic field.

Sophisticated software packages exist which allow the user to specify the refractive index or indices of the scattering feature in space, creating a 2- or sometimes 3-dimensional model of the structure.

For relatively large and complex structures, these models usually require substantial execution times on a computer.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.

Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. December Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Feynman diagram of scattering between two electrons by emission of a virtual photon. This section does not cite any sources.

Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Main article: Scattering theory. This section needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Bragg diffraction Brillouin scattering Characteristic mode analysis Compton scattering Deep scattering layer Dynamic Light Scattering Espresso crema effect Kikuchi line Light scattering by particles Mie theory Mott scattering Neutron scattering Photon diffusion Powder diffraction Raman scattering Rayleigh scattering Rutherford scattering Small-angle scattering Scattering amplitude S-Matrix Tyndall effect Thomson scattering Wolf effect X-ray crystallography.

Elementary Particle Physics: Concepts and Phenomena. ESO Picture of the Week. European Southern Observatory.

Retrieved 2 December Bohren, Craig F. Huffman Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles.

Colton, David; Rainer Kress Inverse Acoustic and Electromagnetic Scattering Theory. Gonis, Antonios; William H.

Butler Multiple Scattering in Solids. Prum, Richard O. Torres ; Scott Williamson; Jan Dyck Bibcode : Natur. Molera; P. Sciau; E.

Pantos; M. Vendrell-Saz Journal of the European Ceramic Society. Seinfeld , John H.

At ISD, a fast semi-analytic probabilistic procedure has been developed that enables a fast prediction of the stochastic distribution of more info load of cylindrical shells caused by the scattering of geometry, wall-thickness, material properties and loading imperfection. From this analysis, a full set of scattering cross sections was elaborated for the simulation of the track structure experimentally determined differential, integral elastic and total electron scattering cross sections visit web page well as theoretically calculated total and differential inelastic cross Beste Spielothek in Hohefeld. Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Messung der meteorologischen Sichtbarkeit und der Streuung des Lichtes. Dieses Ereignis bestätigt eine Paritätsverletzung, wie sie vom Visit web page verlangt wird. In particular, the scattering of cactus pollen from one to another to make the flies. However, the results of experiments on the filled polystyrene films deviated more or less from those expected, depending on the wavelength interval. Beispiele, die Rayleigh-Streuung enthalten, ansehen 16 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. Menu www. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, bei dem von Beugungsstrukturen auf der Maske eine erhebliche Streuung erzeugt wird. Beispiele,**Scattering Deutsch**der Zerstreuung enthalten, ansehen 7 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. Inhalt möglicherweise unpassend Entsperren. Simulates scattering of the

*Scattering Deutsch,*though it is not a physically accurate effect. These knockdown factors, which are based on empirical test click at this page in the 60s, turned out to be very conservative for modern shells and are not intended to be used for anisotropic shells. Sofakissen nt. Synonyme Link Englisch für "scattering":. Das fördert vor allem den Exodus der Christen und more info Zerstreuung von ganzen Familien und Gemeinschaften. Neue Wörter flexi-schooling. Vorrichtung mit gefärbtem eingebettetem Flüssigkristall zur Verwendung von erhöhter StreuungImbibition und abgetasteten Mehrfarben-Anzeigen. Also, their spies and reconnaissance flights could continue reading detect the scattering of our troops among these various other locations. Airy gelang eine detaillierte genäherte Beschreibung unter Berücksichtigung von Go here und Interferenzeffekten. Wählen Sie ein Wörterbuch here.

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Light in the visible and in the near infrared NIR can penetrate several centimetres in biological tissue.. Gustav Mie finally in presented the exact solution for the scattering of light by dielectric spheres — a solution which nowadays can be evaluated with fast computers, but which does not give an intuitive explanation for the calculated phenomena.. Bei optoakustischen Systemen kann dieser optische Kontrast akustischen Messverfahren zugänglich gemacht werden.. Allgemein to scatter auch: to disintegrate , to dissolve , to disband , to clear. Die Zeit wird relativ zur Ankunftszeit am höchsten Frequenzkanal gemessen. Optoakustische Bildgebung vereint die Stärken von optischen starker Kontrast und akustischen Verfahren schwache Streuung. Vorrichtung mit gefärbtem eingebettetem Flüssigkristall zur Verwendung von erhöhter Streuung , Imbibition und abgetasteten Mehrfarben-Anzeigen. Simuliert Streuung des Glanzlichts, click at this page es sich dabei nicht um einen physikalisch genauen Effekt handelt. At ISD, a fast semi-analytic probabilistic procedure has been developed that enables a fast prediction of the stochastic distribution of buckling load of cylindrical shells caused by the scattering of geometry, wall-thickness, material properties and loading imperfection. Der Einschub zeigt das Radiosignal am oberen, mittleren und unteren Teil des Frequenzbandes mit dem Resultat der Datenanalyse; man erkennt klar die verstärkte Streuung beim Übergang von hohen zu niedrigen Frequenzen. Inhalt möglicherweise unpassend Entsperren. Klicken Sie auf die Pfeile, um die Übersetzungsrichtung zu ändern.## Scattering Deutsch Synonyme für "scattering"

Übersetzung Rechtschreibprüfung Konjugation Synonyme new Documents. Aussäen und seiner nachfolgender Einarbeitung in Bet Deutschland Boden durch. The Tamarians have deepened the scattering https://style-fashion.co/how-to-win-online-casino/taboo-request-game.php to the D region. Compton scattering NUCL. Allgemein to https://style-fashion.co/casino-schweiz-online/games-apk.php auch: to expelto displaceapologise, Beste Spielothek in Taunusstein finden sorry drive. EN DE. Definitionen Klare Erklärungen von natürlichem geschriebenem und gesprochenem Englisch. Übersetzung im Kontext von „the scattering“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: This glow originates in the scattering of sunlight by dust located between. Übersetzung für 'scattering' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Übersetzung für 'scattering' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung von scattering – Englisch–Deutsch Wörterbuch. scattering. noun. ○. a small amount scattered here and there. das Verstreute. a scattering of sugar. Deutsche Übersetzung von "scattering" | Der offizielle Collins Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch online. Über Deutsche Übersetzungen von Englische. Currently, the most widely used scheme is the so-called 3D-dynamic light scattering method. Major forms of elastic light scattering involving negligible energy transfer are Rayleigh scattering and Mie scattering. This measurement depends on*Scattering Deutsch*size of the particle core, the size of surface structures, particle concentration, and the type of ions in Super Bowl medium. Both Mie and Rayleigh scattering are considered elastic scattering processes, in which the energy and thus wavelength and frequency of the light is not substantially changed. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dynamic light scattering. Applied Optics. Academic Press. Inelastic scattering includes Brillouin scatteringRaman scatteringinelastic X-ray scattering and Compton scattering.

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